P H I L I P P I N E S
The Philippines was named after the Crown Prince Philip II of Spain. He was reputed to be an extreme introvert, austere, humorless, and unpopular. Dubbed the “Spider of the Escorial” because he seldom left his palace, Philip II reigned over the vast Spanish empire handed down by his father, Charles V, and was a leading patron of Catholicism. He was elegant and slender and, in his youth, good-looking. Philip’s reign, however, marked the decline of Spanish power, leading one historian to describe him as essentially mediocre and paralyzed by indecision. (From Bong Barrameda’s Pinoy Trivia Vol. 2, Anvil Publishing, 1993).
F I L I P I N O
The term Filipino originally referred to Spaniards and Spanish mestizos born in the Philippines. Espanoles-Filipinos was the term that these people called themselves. Later, the native indios and Chinese mestizos also called themselves Filipinos in the belief that education and wealth gave them the cloak of Spanish culture. (From Bong Barrameda’s Pinoy Trivia Vol. 1, Anvil Publishing, 1993).
P I N O Y
It is believed that the term Pinoy to mean Filipino originated from the early Filipinos who came to the United States. The Manongs (uncles) as the “oldtimers” were also known called themselves Pinoys to distinguish themselves from Filipinos living in the Philippines. (Contributed partly by Dawn Bohulano Mabalon whose family has been using the terms Pinoy/Pinay since the 1920’s.)